As a new mother, you know how delicate and fragile your baby’s skin is. It’s so important to take care of his skin to keep it silky smooth, soft, supple and healthy. A variety of skin conditions can occur in babies and with our guide; you can identify exactly what skin condition your baby has and what to do.
- Chapped/cracked skin
Chapped skin is most common behind the ears of little ones and can often be treated by applying petroleum jelly a couple of times a day. If you notice cracking on his face or scalp, this could be eczema or seborrheic dermatitis so check with your paediatrician.
- Baby acne
Neonatal acne is most common in the first month of baby’s life and can occur on the face, ears, neck and scalp. It may be caused from the changing levels of hormones of the mother. Normally, skin clears up on its own within a few weeks.
Infantile acne occurs after baby’s first three months and is more common in boys than girls. If your baby’s acne is mild, no treatment may be needed but if severe, contact your paediatrician so it can be treated immediately.
If your baby has tiny white dots on his nose; this is completely normal. These are pores that haven’t opened up completely. Do not squeeze them as this will cause scarring.
- Red and dry cheeks and chin
This is often the result of your baby’s teething and drooling. To help soothe chapped skin, pat the skin dry and apply a light moisturiser.
- Heat rash
If you notice small pink spots all over your little one’s body, this could be heat rash. A lot of heat and humidity can cause this so keep your baby in loose clothing and avoid very warm atmospheres.
- Cradle cap
If your baby has thick, crusty patches on his scalp this could be cradle cap. Left alone, this will eventually go away but to speed up the process, gently apply baby oil to soften it. Then, shampoo your baby’s hair and use a comb to remove the cradle cap.
- Erythema Toxicum
This is the name given to the rash on the face, upper check and back. It is most common in newborns and may occur a few days after birth. It should go away on its own several days after.
Symptoms include scaly, red and irritated skin. It’s important to keep the skin clean and dry. Contact your paediatrician for advice on how to treat it; normally you’ll be recommended products designed for sensitive skin.
- Nappy rash
Severe nappy rash and irritation can occur when urine mixes with enzymes in faeces. Most nappies these days are designed to prevent this, but if you’re using cloth nappies or your baby is prone to skin irritation, coat his bottom with ointment containing zinc oxide or petroleum.